Premature babies are at risk for Cerebral Palsy (CP). It is caused by damage to one or more areas of the brain.
"Cerebral" refers to the brain and "palsy" refers to a physical disorder.
CP falls into one of three main types:
(loss of depth perception and balance)caused by damage to the
cerebellum, which controls balance; this is the rarest of the three
types. Children with this type of CP have difficulty coordinating
movements and balance.
Athetoid/Dyskinetic CP: (uncontrolled
or involuntary movement)caused by damage to the basal ganglion and
causes uncoordinated, involuntary, and uncontrolled muscle movement.
Children with this type of CP may be able to walk but often stumble. It
is also characterized by twisting of the fingers and wrists.
Spastic CP: (difficult
or stiff movement)caused by damage to the cortex which controls
movement and sensation. It is the most common type of CP and results in
tight muscles in the arms and legs. Children with this type of CP can
avoid being placed in a wheelchair if their muscles are exercised
Mixed CP: a combination of two or more of the above,or all three.
Aside from Premature birth other risk factors associated with
Cerebral Palsy include, but are not limited to, improper oxygen while
the infant was developing, bacterial infection in the mother while
pregnant, and prolonged oxygen loss during birth. Severe jaundice after
birth. Another possible factor can be by the mother being infected with
German measles during the beginning of her pregnancy.
there is no cure for CP due to the fact that brain damage cannot be
reversed. However, with training and therapy, muscle function and
co-ordination can greatly improve.